- Title: African refugee women report surge of sex attacks in Egypt
- Date: 18th October 2019
- Summary: CAIRO, EGYPT (FILE) (REUTERS) REFUGEE STANDING WITH CHILD FOOT OF CHILD REFUGEE STANDING BY WINDOW VARIOUS OF REFUGEE FOLDING CLOTHES (SOUNDBITE) (Arabic) REFUGEE FROM SOUTH SUDAN, NAMELESS, SAYING: "I was assaulted. The boy used to come here and threaten me while my aunt was at work. Every day, he used to threaten me, saying 'if you don't sleep with me, I will throw your siblings through the balcony and kill you with a knife'. One day I was outside. He took me in a Tuktuk to al-Asher neighbourhood. When he kidnapped me, he had some men with him. They were two Egyptians and one Sudanese boy. When they took me to their house, it was full of Egyptians. He attacked me, put me on a bed, and tied me to the bed." SIGN READING (English/Arabic): "IOM UN MIGRATION" IOM AND EGYPT FLAGS (SOUNDBITE) (English) HEAD OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATION FOR MIGRATION IN EGYPT, LAURENT DE BOECK, SAYING: "There were few a week (complaints of abuse) at that time. But quite quickly, and coinciding with the changes in the economy or the reform that the government has launched, in early 2018, we noticed that there was an increase, which were up to one a day. So from two to three a week they were going to seven a week. So it was quite a drastic increase." REFUGEE WALKING TOWARDS WINDOW / OPENING WINDOW STREET VIEW
- Embargoed: 1st November 2019 11:25
- Keywords: Egypt migrants refugees in Egypt abuse sexual abuse against refugees sexual and gender-based violence Egypt African refugees
- Location: CAIRO, EGYPT
- City: CAIRO, EGYPT
- Country: Egypt
- Topics: Human Interest / Brights / Odd News,Society/Social Issues
- Reuters ID: LVA001B21LMXJ
- Aspect Ratio: 16:9
- Story Text: The 17-year-old South Sudanese refugee finally managed to escape after three months as a prisoner in a Cairo apartment where she was repeatedly gang raped, only to realize that she had become pregnant by one of her attackers.
She is one of a growing number of African migrant and refugee women in the Egyptian capital who report abuse, in what rights groups say has become an epidemic of sexual violence that has worsened in recent months.
Reuters met five women from Sudan, South Sudan and Somalia at a community centre in Cairo, each of whom said she was a victim of violent sexual assault.
The 17-year old South Sudanese woman said she was snatched by strangers in a poor neighbourhood and brought by a taxi to another area, where a man locked her up in an apartment for three months and repeatedly raped her with friends.
She finally managed to flee when her captor left a key in the house. She asked not to be identified but agreed to be filmed provided that her face was not visible.
A Sudanese woman who gave her name as Bakhtia said she was assaulted by a stranger on the street in what then became a gang attack.
Three other women who spoke to Reuters said they were attacked while cleaning houses as domestic workers. Two were raped and one sexually assaulted. They asked not to be filmed or quoted directly.
The United Nations estimates around 500,000 migrants, half of them refugees, live in Egypt. Many arrived aiming to reach Europe via Israel or by boat to Turkey, routes that have been largely closed by tougher security measures.
Jobs are scarce. With austerity measures having driven up inflation since last year, many have found it more difficult to pay rent.
Increasingly they have become homeless or are forced to share rooms with strangers, making them more vulnerable to sexual assault.
Cairo was named most dangerous megacity for women in an international perception poll carried out by the Thomson Reuters Foundation in 2017.
President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi ordered a crackdown on sexual harassment after seven men were arrested for attacking women near Cairo's Tahrir Square during his inauguration celebrations in 2014. Tougher sentences have been imposed for sex crimes.
But rights groups say such measures have done little to deter attacks against African migrants, who often have no recourse to the police or family to protect them.
"From two to three (complaints of abuse) a week they were going to seven a week," said Laurent De Boeck, head of the International Organisation for Migration in Egypt, who blamed the surging cost of renting a room.
(Production: Nadeen Ebrahim, Ahmed Fahmy)
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