- Title: Timeline of Hong Kong's politics, on six month mark of anti-government protests
- Date: 9th December 2019
- Summary: Hong Kong's airport cancelled all flights on August 12, blaming demonstrators for the disruptions. Violent clashes later broke out on August 13 as riot police arrived to disperse protesters. HONG KONG, CHINA (FILE - AUGUST 12, 2019) (REUTERS) PROTESTERS OCCUPYING HONG KONG INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT DEPARTURES HALL PROTESTERS ON LEDGE/SCREEN SHOWING FLIGHT CANCELLATIONS HONG KONG, CHINA (FILE - AUGUST 13, 2019) (REUTERS) HONG KONG PROTESTERS CLASHING WITH POLICE OUTSIDE AIRPORT, POLICE OFFICER FALLING DOWN AND PROTESTERS STRIKING HIM BEFORE STANDING UP AND HOLDING A GUN/ POLICE OFFICERS PROTECTING INJURED OFFICER
- Embargoed: 23rd December 2019 04:29
- Keywords: China Hong Kong Occupy Sino-British Joint Declaration Umbrella anniversary extradition handover one country protests two systems
- Location: HONG KONG / SHENZHEN, GUANGDONG PROVINCE / BEIJING, CHINA
- City: HONG KONG / SHENZHEN, GUANGDONG PROVINCE / BEIJING, CHINA
- Country: Hong Kong
- Topics: Government/Politics,Editors' Choice
- Reuters ID: LVA00MB99TOW7
- Aspect Ratio: 16:9
- Story Text: December 19th marks the 35th anniversary of the signing of an agreement by China and Britain over Hong Kong, which laid the blueprint over how the city would be ruled after its return to China in 1997.
The Sino-British Joint Declaration, signed on December 19, 1984 by then British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and Chinese Premier Zhao Ziyang, laid out how Britain would end its century-and-a-half long rule over Hong Kong. It also guarantees the city's rights and freedoms under the "two systems" formula.
Under Hong Kong's mini-constitution, the Basic Law, Hong Kong was guaranteed its freedoms for "at least 50 years" after 1997.
This year, Hong Kong has been rocked by six months of sometimes violent unrest in the biggest challenge to Chinese stability since the bloody crackdown on pro-democracy protesters in and around Beijing's Tiananmen Square in 1989.
The protesters' demands include universal suffrage, an investigation into alleged police brutality and an end to Beijing's perceived efforts to undermine democratic freedoms promised when the former British colony was handed back to China in 1997.
China denies interfering in Hong Kong's affairs and says it is committed to the "one country, two systems" formula enshrined at the handover and guaranteeing the territory a high degree of autonomy. Beijing blames foreign countries including the United States for inciting unrest.
(Production: Phyllis Xu)
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