- Title: Timeline of Iraq protests 2019
- Date: 20th December 2019
- Summary: Iraqi security forces used tear gas and stun grenades on October 25 to repel demonstrators who had marched towards government buildings in protest against corruption and economic hardship. The incident marked a renewal of the anti-government protests after security forces killed about 150 people in confronting a round of demonstrations at the start of the month. About 1,000 people, some of whom had camped overnight in Baghdad's Tahrir Square, were marching towards the city's fortified Green Zone, which houses government buildings and foreign embassies, when they were stopped by security forces. BAGHDAD, IRAQ (FILE - OCTOBER 25, 2019) (REUTERS) PROTESTERS RUNNING AS TEAR GAS IS FIRED TO DISPERSE THEM AFTER CROSSING A BRIDGE LEADING TO BAGHDAD'S FORTIFIED GREEN ZONE PROTESTERS CARRYING AN INJURED MAN AND RUNNING PROTESTER HOLDING PLACARD READING (Arabic): ''THE HOMELAND CLOSED FOR MAINTENANCE PURPOSES'' PROTESTERS CARRYING FLAGS WALKING PAST RIOT POLICE AMBULANCE DRIVING WITH SIRENS ON At least 3,000 protesters in the southern Iraqi city of Nassiriya broke into the provincial government building and set it on fire on October 25. NASSIRIYA, IRAQ (FILE - OCTOBER 25, 2019) (REUTERS) PROTESTERS PUSHING PAST POLICE OFFICERS / PROTESTERS MARCHING TOWARD NASSIRIYA PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT BUILDING THICK BLACK SMOKE BILLOWING INTO THE SKY, PROTESTERS CHANTING AND DANCING Eight Iraqis were killed and dozens wounded on October 26, police and hospital sources said, as demonstrators and security forces clashed in a second day of protests against Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi's government. BAGHDAD (FILE - OCTOBER 26, 2019) (REUTERS) (NIGHT SHOTS) VARIOUS OF PROTESTERS AT TAHRIR SQUARE VARIOUS OF AMBULANCES AND TUK TUKS ARRIVING NEAR PROTESTERS / SMOKE RISING NAJAF, IRAQ (FILE - OCTOBER 26, 2019) (REUTERS) (NIGHT SHOTS) VARIOUS OF PROTESTERS CHANTING AND WAVING IRAQI FLAGS Students joined in the renewed protests on October 28 as thousands rallied. BAGHDAD, IRAQ (FILE - OCTOBER 28, 2019) (REUTERS) PROTESTERS RUNNING FROM TEAR GAS, DUCKING BEHIND LARGE PIECES OF METAL PROTESTER RUNNING WITH TEAR GAS CANISTER, THROWING IT AWAY CHILD BEING CARRIED INTO TUK TUK MEDICS TREATING AN INJURED PROTESTER AMBULANCE DRIVING AWAY (SOUNDBITE) (Arabic) UNIDENTIFIED PROTESTER, SAYING: "We are peaceful demonstrators. Our protests are peaceful. Those rulers harm Iraqi people. No salaries, no appointments, no plots of land, lying with their promises. And they are hitting us with tear gas bombs as if we were not Iraqis." VARIOUS OF PROTESTERS TRYING TO CROSS THE BRIDGE LEADING TO THE GREEN ZONE Thousands took to the streets in the Iraqi city of Najaf on October 29 including populist Iraqi Shiite cleric Moqtada al-Sadr who attempted to drive his way through jubilant demonstrators. Sadr was seen waving at protesters from his vehicle. Sadr, who leads parliament's largest bloc, in a statement asked Hadi al-Amiri, leader of the second-largest, to help him introduce a vote of no confidence in Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi, NAJAF, IRAQ (FILE - OCTOBER 29, 2019) (REUTERS) PROTESTERS SURROUNDING VEHICLE CARRYING SHI'ITE CLERIC MOQTADA AL-SADR / CHANTING (Arabic): ''ALI (COUSIN OF PROPHET MOHAMMED) IS WITH YOU" VARIOUS OF FEMALE PROTESTERS WAVING FLAGS AND CHANTING
- Embargoed: 3rd January 2020 10:25
- Keywords: Iranian consulate in Najaf set on fire Iraq protests Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi police shooting protests
- Location: BAGHDAD, NAJAF, NASSIRIYA, KERBALA, BASRA AND AL ASAD AIR BASE, AL ANBAR PROVINCE, IRAQ / WASHINGTON, D.C., UNITED STATES
- City: BAGHDAD, NAJAF, NASSIRIYA, KERBALA, BASRA AND AL ASAD AIR BASE, AL ANBAR PROVINCE, IRAQ / WASHINGTON, D.C., UNITED STATES
- Country: Iraq
- Topics: Conflicts/War/Peace,Civil Unrest,Editors' Choice
- Reuters ID: LVA005BA8UXC7
- Aspect Ratio: 16:9
- Story Text: Hundreds of Iraqis have died in clashes between protesters and the security forces during street demonstrations that caught the authorities by surprise.
They were the first major deadly protests for more than a year.
WHY ARE PEOPLE PROTESTING?
Iraqis are fed up. Two years after the defeat of Islamic State much of the country's nearly 40 million population live in worsening conditions despite the country's oil wealth.
Security is better than it has been in years, but wrecked infrastructure has not been rebuilt and jobs are scarce. Youth blame this squarely on what they see as corrupt leaders who do not represent them.
WHY ARE CONDITIONS SO BAD?
After decades of war against its neighbours, U.N. sanctions, two U.S. invasions, foreign occupation and sectarian civil war, the defeat of the Islamic State insurgency in 2017 means Iraq is now at peace and free to trade for the first extended period since the 1970s. Oil output is at record levels.
But infrastructure is decrepit and deteriorating, war-damaged cities have yet to be rebuilt and armed groups still wield power on the streets.
A culture of corruption has persisted since the era of dictator Saddam Hussein and has become entrenched under the rule of sectarian political parties that emerged after his fall.
WHAT SPARKED THE LATEST PROTESTS? WHO ORGANIZED THEM?
The protests do not appear to be coordinated by a particular political group. Social media calls for protests gathered pace early this week. The turnout appeared to take security forces by surprise.
The inadequacy of state services and the lack of jobs are the principal reasons for public anger. A series of political moves by the government has contributed, especially the demotion of a popular wartime military officer for reasons that have not been fully explained. Some at the demonstrations were protesting over the commander's removal.
ARE MASS PROTESTS RARE IN IRAQ?
Major protests took place mainly in the southern city of Basra in September last year. Nearly 30 people were killed.
Since then, sporadic demonstrations have taken place but not on the scale of this week's events. These were the first large demonstrations against Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi's government, which took office in October last year.
IS THE UNREST SECTARIAN?
No. Most Iraqis have sought to avoid sectarian rhetoric after the brutal experience of Sunni hardline Islamic State - although sectarian tension still exists. These protests are about worsening economic and living conditions and are taking place mostly in Baghdad and the Shi'ite Muslim-dominated south, but cut across ethnic and sectarian lines. Anger is directed at a political class, not a sect.
That contrasts with protests in 2012 and 2013 that Islamic State exploited to rally support among Sunnis.
More than 440 people, mostly unarmed protesters but also some members of the security forces, have been killed since Oct. 1, according to a Reuters tally.
Protesters blame Iran-backed militia groups for a spate of other killings including assassinations. Many activists have been arrested or have disappeared, local rights groups say.
Paramilitary groups have denied any role in attacking protests. Government security forces also deny using live ammunition against peaceful protesters.
As demonstrations enter their third month, violence is spiralling with an increase in threats, kidnappings and killings of activists and protesters, according to activists and security sources.
The protests have led resignation of Prime Minister Adel Abdul-Mahdi, but many said this is not enough. Protesters demanded the overhaul of a political system that they say is corrupt and keeps them in poverty and without opportunity.
The unrest is Iraq's biggest challenge since Islamic State militants seized swathes of Iraqi and Syrian territory in 2014.
(Production: Bushra Shakhshir, Vin Shahrestani)
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