- Title: Illegal ivory trade shrinks while pangolin trafficking booms, U.N. says
- Date: 10th July 2020
- Summary: VIENNA, AUSTRIA (JULY 8, 2020) (REUTERS) (SOUNDBITE) (English) DIRECTOR OF RESEARCH AT THE UNITED NATIONS OFFICE ON DRUGS AND CRIME, ANGELA ME, SAYING: "One of the main reasons that we see is the decrease in demand, particularly in Asia and particularly in China, where clearly surveys done in terms of the use of ivory in retail markets has decreased. China has also put forward very important legislation, that is a ban on ivory selling in all of China that may also have had an impact on this decrease, even if the decrease in the market was visible before this (legislation) was put in place, around where we started to see a decline in poaching and in price, and also in the seizures that are an indicator of trafficking around 2011 and 2013."
- Embargoed: 24th July 2020 13:56
- Keywords: UN report elephants ivory pangolin rhino trafficking wildlife crime
- Location: VARIOUS, AFRICA / VIENNA, AUSTRIA
- City: VARIOUS, AFRICA / VIENNA, AUSTRIA
- Country: Austria
- Topics: Environment,Nature/Wildlife
- Reuters ID: LVA005CM871ON
- Aspect Ratio: 16:9
- Story Text:The illegal global trade in ivory has shrunk while the trafficking of pangolins has soared, a U.N. report on wildlife crime based on four years' data said on Friday (July 10).
National bans on selling ivory, particularly China's in 2017, appear to have helped further erode ivory trafficking after it peaked around 2011-2013, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) said in its World Wildlife Crime Report, which was last published in 2016.
At the same time, the trafficking of pangolins - a reclusive, nocturnal mammal covered in scales that are used in traditional Chinese medicine, has surged, the UNODC said.
"The World Wildlife Crime Report 2020 has some good news and some bad news," UNODC research chief Angela Me told Reuters.
"We see some shrinking in some markets, particularly the ivory and the rhino (horn) market, but we actually see huge increases in other markets, like the market of illicit trafficking of pangolins, in European eels but also in tiger parts and also in rosewood," she added.
The causes of these shifts are likely multiple and the UNODC was guarded in identifying the forces behind illegal trades that are opaque by definition, often involving poaching in Africa and smuggling to Asia, where China is the biggest market.
For ivory, a supply glut combined with a shift in attitudes because of the Chinese and other bans may be among the factors that contributed to the fall in poaching and prices, the UNODC said, adding that the price of illegal ivory in China fell by more than half between 2014 and 2018.
The UNODC estimates the annual income generated by ivory trafficking between 2016 and 2018 at $400 million.
Seizures of pangolin scales, mainly sourced in Africa, increased tenfold between 2014 and 2018 as trafficking moved away from pangolin meat, which was mainly seized in Asia. In that time 185 tons of scales were seized, for which roughly 370,000 animals would have been killed, the UNODC said.
(Production: Lisi Niesner, Elena Gyldenkerne)
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