- Title: ALGERIA: ANNIVERSARY/FILE File footage of Algeria's war of independence
- Date: 31st October 2014
- Summary: UNIDENTIFIED LOCATIONS, ALGERIA (FILE - 1954) (ORIGINALLY 4:3) (REUTERS) VARIOUS OF FRENCH TROOPS PARACHUTING INTO MOUNTAIN TERRITORY, SEARCHING VILLAGES AND ARRESTING VILLAGERS ALGIERS, ALGERIA (FILE -1958) (ORIGINALLY 4:3) (REUTERS) VARIOUS OF CROWDS OF SETTLERS RIOTING AND CLASHING WITH POLICE AND ARMY MILITARY OFFICIAL ADDRESSING CROWD
- Embargoed: 15th November 2014 12:00
- Location: Algeria
- Country: Algeria
- Topics: General
- Reuters ID: LVAF2HYT75FFFYXMAUWC273PA5SY
- Story Text: Saturday (November 1) will mark the 60th anniversary of the start of the revolution which led to Algeria's war of independence and the end of 132 years of French colonial rule.
Unlike elsewhere in its empire, Paris treated Algeria as an administrative unit of France itself and attempted to negate the territory's own history and culture, leaving a legacy of bitterness
Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika was an activist in the National Liberation Front during the war against France.
Since independence from France in 1962, Algerian politics has often been dominated by an opaque behind-the-scenes power struggle between military and civilian leaders to control branches of North African state's government.
The following is a timeline of events:
November 1954 - Rebel attacks on French settlers signal start of independence war by National Liberation Front (FLN) guerrillas.
January 1957 - Battle of Algiers starts with bombing campaign against settlers. French paratroops use torture to extract information about bombers and break up rebel cells.
May 1958 - French army backs settlers' uprising. France's Fourth Republic collapses, General Charles de Gaulle returns to power, visits Algeria in early June.
January 1960 - Settlers rebel against De Gaulle's moves to negotiate with FLN. April 1961 coup attempt by French army generals in Algiers collapses.
March 1962 - France and FLN sign ceasefire. Secret army organisation made up of settlers and army deserters sets Algerian cities ablaze in attempt to ward off independence.
July 1962 - Algerian independence is proclaimed. A million Europeans, dubbed "pieds noirs" (black feet), flee for France. Algeria claims one million Algerians died during the war.
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