- Title: Signing peace deal, Afghan warlord calls for an 'end to current crisis'
- Date: 29th September 2016
- Summary: KABUL, AFGHANISTAN (FILE - JUNE 26, 1996) (ORIGINALLY 4:3) (REUTERS) ***WARNING CONTAINS FLASH PHOTOGRAPHY*** VARIOUS OF HEKMATYAR ARRIVING AT HOTEL, WALKING AND GREETING SUPPORTERS AND OFFICIALS
- Embargoed: 14th October 2016 12:23
- Keywords: Afghanistan Hekmatyar peace deal terrorist warlords
- Location: KABUL, AFGHANISTAN/UNKNOWN LOCATION
- City: KABUL, AFGHANISTAN/UNKNOWN LOCATION
- Country: Afghanistan
- Topics: Conflicts/War/Peace,International/National Security
- Reuters ID: LVA00251MAVK5
- Aspect Ratio: 16:9
- Story Text:EDITORS PLEASE NOTE: PART AUDIO QUALITY AS INCOMING
EDITORS PLEASE NOTE: EDIT CONTAINS MATERIAL THAT WAS ORIGINALLY 4:3
Afghan president Ashraf Ghani formalised a controversial accord with one of Afghanistan's most notorious warlords on Thursday (September 29), a deal the government hopes will lead to more peace agreements.
Surrounded by hundreds of Afghan officials, many former warlords and rivals themselves, Ghani signed a pact that opens the door to the militant faction of Hezb-i-Islami, led by Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, playing an active role in politics.
Despite the rhetoric of unity, Hekmatyar was not present and addressed a gathering in Kabul in a recorded video message, appearing by himself to sign the document in a small room.
"With this agreement I hope we put an end to the crisis in the country and that stability will return," Hekmatyar said in his message.
A controversial figure from the insurgency against the Soviets in the 1980s and the civil wars of the 1990s, Hekmatyar has been designated a "global terrorist" by the United States, which has been leading an international military mission in Afghanistan for the past 15 years.
Hekmatyar, who served as prime minister in the 1990s, before the rise to power of the Taliban, has long been known as close to neighbouring Pakistan.
His faction of Hezb-i-Islami has played a relatively small role in the current conflict, in which the Taliban have a leading role in battling the Western-backed government in Kabul.
But government officials hope the accord will be a first step toward eventually making similar peace deals with the Taliban and other groups.
"Today's ceremony is a chance for the Taliban and other government opposition groups to use the opportunity and choose to join the peace process like Hezb-I-Islami and take part in rebuilding their home country," Ghani said.
Peace talks with the Taliban, the largest insurgent group, have yet to get off the ground, but both sides have said they are open to the idea.
Human rights groups as well as many Afghans expressed dismay that Hekmatyar is unlikely to face any punishment for his alleged role in past abuses, including firing rockets into civilian areas during a civil war in an attack that killed and injured thousands of residents.
Hekmatyar's return "will compound the culture of impunity", said Human Rights Watch researcher Patricia Gossman, who called it an "affront" to victims of abuses when the initial deal was struck last week.
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