- Title: Colombia peace deal security gains will take decade - general
- Date: 2nd June 2017
- Summary: META, COLOMBIA (FILE) (REUTERS) BAGS OF COCAINE CONFISCATED BY THE ARMY CLOSE-UP OF BLOCKS AND BAGS OF COCAINE SOLDIERS GUARDING CONFISCATED COCAINE TURBO, ANTIOQUIA, COLOMBIA (FILE) (REUTERS) PACKETS OF CONFISCATED COCAINE LAID OUT ON GROUND AND GUARDED BY POLICE CLOSE-UP OF PACKETS OF COCAINE WHICH HAVE BEEN OPENED CAUCASIA, ANTIOQUIA, COLOMBIA (FILE) (REUTERS) AERIAL OF AREA WHERE ILLEGAL MINING HAS BEEN RIFE SOLDIER STEPPING ONTO CONSTRUCTION VEHICLE USED IN ILLEGAL MINING VARIOUS OF CONSTRUCTION VEHICLES IN ILLEGAL MINE
- Embargoed: 16th June 2017 17:34
- Keywords: post-conflict ELN FARC army Colombia Peace
- Location: META, GRANADA, CAUCASIA, TURBO, ANTIOQUIA, URIBE, AND UNIDENTIFIED JUNGLE REGION, COLOMBIA
- City: META, GRANADA, CAUCASIA, TURBO, ANTIOQUIA, URIBE, AND UNIDENTIFIED JUNGLE REGION, COLOMBIA
- Country: Colombia
- Topics: Conflicts/War/Peace,Military Conflicts
- Reuters ID: LVA0026JL6S03
- Aspect Ratio: 16:9
- Story Text: EDITORS PLEASE NOTE: THIS EDIT CONTAINS MATERIAL ORIGINALLY IN 4:3
Consolidating security gains from Colombia's recent peace deal with FARC guerrillas while battling remaining leftist rebels and drug trafficking gangs will take a decade, according to the head of the armed forces.
Nearly 7,000 rebels from the Marxist Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) are in the midst of a demobilization process, but dissidents from the group and fighters from the National Liberation Army (ELN) remain top targets for the military, General Juan Pablo Rodriguez told Reuters.
"This area has been plagued by activities such as drug trafficking, crime, illegal mining, extortion, contraband, and logically as the FARC leave the area, other agents of criminal activity will try to occupy it," Rodriguez said Thursday (June 1) during a visit to Meta province, which once had heavy FARC presence.
He said the army was intensifying territorial control operations to prevent violent actors from arriving.
The Andean country and the FARC signed a peace deal late last year after more than 52 years of war and recently extended the deadline for rebels to hand over weapons. The country's conflict has killed more than 220,000 people.
Most fighters are now living in 26 special United Nations demobilisation zones, but some units have refused to lay down their arms and are expected to continue their involvement in the cocaine trade, illegal mining and extortion.
Smaller rebel group the ELN has begun much-delayed peace talks with the government, but negotiations are expected to take years.
Crime gangs like the Clan del Golfo, Los Pelusos and Los Puntilleros are trying to move into former rebels' territories, Rodriguez said, despite 65,000 police and soldiers sent to secure the areas.
The Clan and the Puntilleros both count former right-wing paramilitaries among their leadership, while some members of the Pelusos are ex-fighters from another rebel group that demobilized in the early 1990s. The gangs have around 3,800 members, Rodriguez said.
Rodriguez stressed that stabilising areas and consolidating peace is a complicated effort that takes time, highlighting that Colombians must understand this and cooperate in the effort.
FARC dissidents have been holding a U.N. official working on to substitute illegal crops hostage for nearly a month, while the Clan is accused of killing police officers in the north of the country.
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