- Title: The rise and fall of Sudan's ousted president Omar Hassan al-Bashir
- Date: 15th August 2019
- Summary: Stone-throwing protesters clash with Sudanese security forces in the capital Khartoum and three other cities and a child and a doctor are reported killed. KHARTOUM, SUDAN (FILE - JANUARY 17, 2019) (REUTERS) TEAR GAS SMOKE BILLOWING FROM THE GROUND ON STREET VARIOUS OF PROTESTERS WIPING THEIR EYES AND FACES AFTER ENCOUNTER WITH TEAR GAS PROTESTERS CHANTING OUTSIDE A GOVERNMENT OFFICE Sudanese police clash with mourners during the funeral of a 60-year-old protester who died from a gunshot wound sustained during a fifth week of anti-government demonstrations. KHARTOUM, SUDAN (FILE - JANUARY 18, 2019) (REUTERS) PROTESTERS OVERTURNING POLICE VEHICLE AFTER FUNERAL OF SUDANESE MAN KILLED DURING PROTESTS CHILDREN CHANTING, FOLLOWED BY MOURNERS CARRYING BODY OF PROTESTER MOAWIA OTHMAN AND CHANTING WOMEN CRYING Protests break out in several Sudanese cities on and in many areas of the capital Khartoum, witnesses say, the most widespread demonstrations in a wave of anti-government unrest that began last month. Security forces fire tear gas at protesters in the Burri and al-Deem neighbourhoods of Khartoum and in the north of the capital, a Reuters witness and other witnesses say. KHARTOUM, SUDAN (FILE - JANUARY 24, 2019) (REUTERS) DEMONSTRATORS CLAPPING AND CHANTING (Arabic): "FREEDOM, FREEDOM" VARIOUS OF DEMONSTRATORS FLEEING AFTER POLICE FIRE TEAR GAS / CLOUD OF TEAR GAS SMOKE RISING
- Embargoed: 29th August 2019 22:00
- Keywords: Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir Sudan Syria Bashar al-Assad Sadeq al-Mahdi
- Location: SEE SCRIPT BODY FOR LOCATIONS
- City: SEE SCRIPT BODY FOR LOCATIONS
- Country: Sudan
- Topics: Government/Politics
- Reuters ID: LVA00GASCJ493
- Aspect Ratio: 16:9
- Story Text: CONTAINS NUDITY
Sudan's 75-year-old president Omar al-Bashir was overthrown in a coup by the armed forces on April 11, 2019 after weeks of protests against his 30-year autocratic style rule.
Al-Bashir was born in 1944 in the Nile Valley north of Khartoum. The son of a small farmer, he graduated from Sudan's military academy in 1966 and was a career army officer who rose to the rank of general.
Al-Bashir came to power in June 1989 after toppling democratically elected prime minister Sdiq al-Mahdi in a military coup amid a long-running a civil war between Sudan's north and south. Al-Bashir was then elected as president in a poll his critics said were neither fair nor free.
In October 1993, he dissolved the military junta which brought him to power and appointed himself civilian president in a move designed to establish Islamic government in Africa's largest country as stable and civilian-based.
In 2015, Al-Bashir's quarter-century power was extended with a landslide victory for himself and his rulling party, winning 94 percent of the vote in an election boycotted by all opposition parties.
Sudan had suffered prolonged periods of isolation since 1993, when the United States added al-Bashir's government to its list of terrorism sponsors for harboring Islamist militants. Washington followed up with sanctions four years later.
The long civil war with southern separatists ended in 2005 and South Sudan became an independent country in 2011.
Al-Bashi rhas been detained in a prison in Khartoum North, across the Blue Nile from the capital's centre, since he was ousted in April.
He was later charged with incitement and involvement in the killing of protesters, as well as money laundering and financing terrorism.
Al-Bashir has also been indicted by the International Criminal Court in The Hague and is facing an arrest warrant over allegations of genocide in Sudan's Darfur region during an insurgency that began in 2003 and led to death of an estimated 300,000 people.
(Production: Ella Wilks-Harper, Eileen Hsieh, Lucy Marks)
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