- Title: Britain, EU must use caution in new online rules â€“ UN
- Date: 14th July 2021
- Summary: SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA, UNITED STATES (FILE) (REUTERS) VARIOUS OF TWITTER HEADQUARTERS EXTERIOR
- Embargoed: 28th July 2021 17:55
- Keywords: Britain EU United Nations. free speech online abuse
- Location: GENEVA, SWITZERLAND / LONDON, ENGLAND, UK / INTERNET / MENLO PARK, CALIFORNIA, UNITED STATES / SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA, UNITED STATES
- City: GENEVA, SWITZERLAND / LONDON, ENGLAND, UK / INTERNET / MENLO PARK, CALIFORNIA, UNITED STATES / SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA, UNITED STATES
- Country: United Kingdom
- Topics: Europe,Race Relations / Ethnic Issues,Society/Social Issues
- Reuters ID: LVA008ELTDD1J
- Aspect Ratio: 16:9
- Story Text: Britain and other countries drawing up legislation to regulate online content - including racist abuse - must avoid overly broad definitions and over-reliance on algorithms that might curb free speech, United Nations officials warned on Wednesday (July 14).
Dozens of new laws on social media have been adopted worldwide in the last two years, including Vietnam's 2019 law on cybersecurity which the experts said had been used to delete posts and arrest those voicing critical opinions.
"Virtually every country that has adopted laws relating to online content has jeopardized human rights in doing so," Peggy Hicks, director of thematic engagement at the U.N. human rights office, told a news conference.
"This happens both because governments respond to public pressure by rushing in with simple solutions for complex problems; and because some governments see this legislation as a way to limit speech they dislike and even silence civil society or other critics," she said.
Black players in the England soccer team were subjected to a storm of online racist abuse after their defeat in the final of Euro 2020 on Sunday (July 11), drawing wide condemnation.
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson pledged on Wednesday to strengthen measures against online racist abuse of soccer players, banning fans from games if they are found guilty of such offences and fining social media for failing to remove it.
Hicks, asked to elaborate on what she called the "abhorrent abuse of Black English football players" and Britain's proposed legislation, said:
"I think first we need to be clear that you can't wave a magic wand and make racism on the Internet disappear...The reality is that what we see online is mirroring what people face day to day offline."
She added: "To block racist speech through an algorithm - the type of speech that we've seen in this case - for some of it at least you would need a really sweeping approach that undoubtedly blocks more speech than what we would want to see blocked."
The European Union last December proposed the Digital Services Act, which requires tech giants to do more to tackle illegal content such as hate speech and child sexual abuse material.
"The choices made in that legislation could have ripple effects worldwide," said U.N. human rights office Marcelo Daher, citing positive elements including its transparent requirements.
"Yet, some contradictory signals remain including the risk that over-broad liability will be imposed on companies for user-generated content and that there will be limited judicial oversight," he said.
(Production: Cecile Mantovani)
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