Title:Robert Maxwell Dies After Controversial Career
Date:5th November 1991
Summary:Robert Maxwell, the British publisher whose body was found floating in the sea off the Canary Islands on November 5 was a controversial figure who rose from humble beginnings to become a powerful media baron. Maxwell was born Jan Lodvik Hoch in Czechoslovakia, in June 1923, to poor Orthodox Jewish parents. After escaping to England in 1940, Maxwell joined the British Army and was decorated for bravery. After the war, Maxwell made Pergamon Press the basis of his media empire. From 1964-1970 he was Labour Member of Parliament for Buckingham. Despite British government disapproval in the early 1970s, he expanded his business interests, buying Britain's largest-selling newspaper chain, Mirror Group Newspapers, in 1984. More recent publishing ventures included the launch of The European newspaper and the purchase of the New York Daily News.
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